Step-by-step How to grow Pomegranate tree
How to grow Pomegranate tree: Pomegranate has been well known for a long time due to its profound nutritional and medicinal properties. If you can cultivate pomegranate in the right way, you can get a lot of health benefits and financial profits from pomegranate cultivation.
- 1 How to grow Pomegranate tree/ Pomegranate cultivation method
- 1.1 Propagation of Pomegranate
- 1.2 Varieties of pomegranate
- 1.3 Land preparation
- 1.4 Planting method of Pomegranate seedling
- 1.5 Fertilizer application on pomegranate tree
- 1.6 Irrigation of Pomegranate
- 1.7 How to care for Pomegranate Trees
- 1.8 Yield of Pomegranate
- 1.9 Pomegranate Disease and Pest Management
Hot and dry summer climate suitable to produce good quality fruits of pomegranate. Pomegranate does not produce good quality fruits in wet climates. This tree can be cultivated up to a height of 600 meters in the hills.
Sandy loam soil or silt is best for pomegranate cultivation. The soil depth should be higher. Pomegranate cannot be cultivated in that place where the drainage system is not well. However, this tree survives in wet soil if proper management should be taken. Even if there is a small amount of alkali in the soil, there will be no problem.
How to grow Pomegranate tree/ Pomegranate cultivation method
You can cultivate pomegranate in the right way by following steps:
Propagation of Pomegranate
Pomegranate can be propagated mainly through stem cuttings and air layering. If you want to grow pomegranate from seed then the quality of the fruit is not always the same as before. Moreover, it takes five to six years for fruit-bearing.
If you want to grow pomegranate from stem cuttings or air layering then the rainy season will be the best time to grow seedlings. Moreover, in this way fruits are available after three years.
For stem cutting, it is necessary to select 30 cm long stalks. Stem cuttings can be made during the rainy season in the nursery and planted in the mainland after keeping for 9 to 10 months. Usually, you have to follow the old method of making stem cutting. In this method, if you use Seradix b3 hormone powder, the roots of the cutting will grow faster.
Varieties of pomegranate
There are many improved varieties of pomegranate are available like Paper Shell, Muscade Red Spanish Ruby. Their shells are usually pink.
The soil should be loosened by plowing the land several times. It should be done one month before planting pomegranate seedlings. Then the planting hole should be made 15 days before planting. The size of the hole will be 60 cm / 60 cm / 60 cm. In each planting hole, 15 kg of well-decomposed cow dung and 250 grams of bone powder should be mixed with soil and the hole should be kept closed.
Planting method of Pomegranate seedling
The seedling should be placed in the middle of the planting hole. Water should be given at this time. The seedling should be kept standing upright by pressing the soil tightly at the base of the seedling. The plant to plant distance will be 5 meters.
Fertilizer application on pomegranate tree
Fertilizer application is required for the optimum yield of pomegranate. Organic manure should be given to the growing tree before the rains. A tree that is 3 to 5 years old, i.e. a tree bearing fruit, should be given 10 to 15 kg of manure, and 250 grams of bone powder should be given.
Irrigation of Pomegranate
Trees Regular light irrigation should be given to the fruit-bearing bushes. The soil should never be allowed to dry out too much and drinking water should not be given in small condition and irrigation is required after the application of fertilizer.
How to care for Pomegranate Trees
To get the maximum yield, you must take care of the pomegranate tree. Caring for the pomegranate tree is a little different from other trees. It is a little bit harder to take care of this tree than other trees. Generally, flowers can be seen from spring. However, in many places flowers can be seen throughout the year. The flowers of the spring give fruits in the summer. Although the quality of fruits is not very good in summer the demand for fruits is high at this time. In addition, good prices are available at this time.
In order to get a higher yield, the trees are artificially forced to catch flowers at the beginning of the rainy season. Therefore, the soil around the base of the tree is removed by 16 cm, and the roots are kept open for 15 days. Then the base of the tree is covered with soil by applying fertilizer. Irrigation should be given immediately after the application of this additional fertilizer.
If it does not rain quickly, two or three more irrigations should be given. By following this method and taking proper care of the pomegranate tree, the fruits ripen within a few months. In addition, one or two main branches of the tree should be left and the rest should be cut down. The long and slender stalks are cut and thinned. The fruit usually bears to the top of the old stalks.
Yield of Pomegranate
The tree growing from stem cutting or air layering begins to bear fruit at the age of three to four years, although good yields are not obtained before seven to eight years. The fruits begin to ripen within six months from the time of flowering. Before ripening, the peel of the fruit turns yellowish-brown, indicating that it is time to collect the fruit. There is a possibility of bursting if the fruit is left on the tree for a long time. In trees that have a tendency to burst, it is better to collect the fruit shortly before it is ripening.
Pomegranate peel is very thick so it can be in good condition for a long time and the possibility of transport loss is less. In addition, if we calculate the yield, then on an average of 200 to 500 fruits are produced from each tree. Ripe fruits can be stored for more days but the immature fruits or fruits cannot be kept for more days if they are injured.
Pomegranate Disease and Pest Management
Bursting of pomegranate fruit is a serious disease. Although there is no specific control measure for this disease. Regular light irrigation and the application of organic manure can greatly reduce or control fruit bursting. Therefore, pest and disease management of pomegranate trees is very necessary. Sometimes about 50% of the fruit is lost due to the disease.
Growth is often hampered by a sudden lack of soil moisture at the base of the tree during the dry season. As a result, the peel of the fruit becomes soft. This time, if it rains suddenly, there is an excess of juice into the fruits, as a result of the fruit bursts due to the inability to bear the excessive pressure.
Fruit borer of Pomegranate
Fruit borer control is one of the important tasks of Pomegranate Disease and Pest Management. These insects lay eggs on the fruit and the larvae hatch from the fruit. They eat the shell of the fruit and enter inside the fruits and then come out in a round hole in the skin. This incidence making the infected fruit unfit for human consumption.
Control: When the fruit is small, it should be covered with a thin cloth or polythene. Sumithion or Folithion 2 gm per liter of water should be sprayed 2-3 times in 15 days from the time of fruit-bearing.
Pomegranate spider control
This tiny insect lives on the underside of leaves and sucks the sap. In order to prevent the affected leaves from wrinkling and drying, 2 gm of Kelthan should be mixed in every 10 liters of water and sprayed well on the tree, especially under the leaves. If these rules are followed, diseases of pomegranate trees can be prevented.
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