How to grow mushrooms commercially

Best way of How to grow mushrooms

How to grow mushrooms commercially: Mushroom is a nutritious vegetable. Mushrooms are usually not grown on the soil like other vegetables. It is a lower class fungal parasitic plant. In order to sustain life, they take essential nutrients from organic matter. 

Nutrition/health benefits of mushroom

  1. Mushrooms are incomparable as food. Since ancient times, it has been regarded as a nutritious, delicious and expensive food.
  2. Mushrooms are protein-rich vegetables. Therefore, it is also called vegetable meat. It contains 20-30 grams of protein per 100 grams (dried mushrooms).
  3. Mushrooms contain vitamin C, B complex, potassium, sodium, phosphorus and low amounts of calcium and iron. Mushrooms help maintain hemoglobin levels in the blood as iron is readily available.
  4. Mushrooms are a very low-calorie food. It has no cholesterol, very low in fat (2-6%) but contains linoleic acid, a fatty acid that needed for the body.
  5. Mushrooms have a moderate amount of carbohydrates and enough fiber (3-5%). It does not contain starch. Mushrooms are an ideal food for diabetics due to their low sugar content.
  6. Mushroom is also very beneficial for heart patients as it is low fat, free of cholesterol and linoleic acid.

Medicinal properties and various uses of mushrooms

  1. The use of mushrooms in various diseases is well known. Mushrooms are used for arthritis, pain, jaundice, worms, blood clotting.
  2. Mushrooms reduce blood pressure and work against tumor cells.
  3. Regular taking of mushrooms increases physical and mental strength. Increases blood circulation and relieves colds, coughs.
  4. Mushrooms are beneficial for patients with high blood pressure and diabetes.
  5. Having enough fiber in the mushroom helps keep the body slim.
  6. Mushrooms relieve constipation. Mushroom Protein Digestibility is 70-80 % that’s why it is the simplest and most important diet for patients with diarrhea.
  7. Mushrooms are also used Color bottle cork, as photo frames and flower vases.

Varieties of mushroom

There are several thousand varieties of mushrooms in nature, of which 8-10 varieties are commercially cultivated. Cultivated mushroom varieties are-

  1. Oyster mushroom
  2. Milk mushrooms
  3. Wood ear mushroom
  4. Button mushroom
  5. Heat tolerate button mushroom
  6. Shitake mushroom
  7. Paddy straw mushroom

How to grow mushrooms (oyster mushroom) Step-by-step

what conditions are needed for a mushroom to grow?

Currently, commercially oyster mushroom cultivation is more prevalent. Ready-to-produce PP bags are provided for farmers with spawn filling substrate. Farmers produce crops from these supplied bags. About 500 grams of weight produced bags include –

1. Wood powder = 64% 2. Wheat husk = 32% 3. Rice bran = 4%

  • A small amount of lime and water is added to the mixture. The packets should be arranged in rows of wood and bamboo in the paved floor.
  • Then you have to cut off the crescent shape on both sides of the bag. The cut part should be sliced a little.
  • After slicing, the bag should be immersed in clean water for 21-30 minutes.
  • Then the bag should be turned over on a clean floor or wire mesh for half an hour to allow inside excess water to drain.
  • Now, in the cultivation room, the bags should be kept in a linear manner on a wooden bed or a bamboo machete.
  • If the outside temperature is low, cover the bag with polythene and keep it for 2/3 days to increase the temperature inside the bag. At this time, the humidity needs to 80% and the temperature needs to 25-300 0C in the room.
  • Spray water regularly in the bags.
  • If the covered with polythene then it should remove 3/4 times for 10-15 minutes for air circulation.
  • After 2/3 days, a white pin-like part can be seen with the cut part of the bag. If the mushrooms are big after 2/3 days, then it should be collected.
  • New mushrooms will be produced by spraying water from the other side of the bag.
  • Mushroom can be harvested 3/4 times from each bag.
How to grow mushrooms

Management of insects and diseases

The incidence of flies may occur in mushrooms. This is why Malathion (1.5%) can be sprayed. In addition, formaldehyde (5%), soaked in cotton and rubbed in substrates, will remove the greenish-brown or blue mold.

You can see more articles about gardening tips

Gardening Organization

American Public Gardens Association

Abraham M. Johnson
 

Abraham is a professional gardener and his hobby is indoor and outdoor gardening! He has been gardening for the last 5 years and he loves to decorate the home by gardening as well. Based on his experience with different types of gardens; he is sharing his thought and opinion about various gardens care tips and tools so that a beginner can get started right away. Find him on twitter here. Happy reading!

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