how to grow grass for lawn

Best Guideline on how to grow grass for lawn in 15 steps

A complete guideline on how to grow grass for lawn: For knowing the complete guideline about growing grasses for the lawn at first we have to know about what is a lawn and what is grass. Let’s talk about grass. Grasses are herbaceous plants that are soft and delicate.

Grasses are monocotyledonous plants that have narrow, cylindrical leaves. They are mostly annual and very much quick growing. The leaves of grass are grown from the base of the plant stems or branches are not seen. They are cultivated to cover the land. If self grew they are referred to as a weed. Grass plants have fibrous roots that are engaged with the surface soil. And by this, they absorb water from the soil.

Now if we ask what is lawn then the answer will be a place where the soil is covered mostly with grass and sometimes with clover plants. The lawn may be an open place surrounding the house or maybe a playground, golf ground, or open space of a rich palace or restaurant or other business places. Space is covered with grass plants of various types. Grass plants are very much quick-growing, so if the seeds are sown the grass will grow and spread within some days.

Grass seeds have strong dormancy as well as strong germination properties. If they get favorable moisture and temperature they will germinate quickly. Again if the seeds face any difficult environment, they ensure their survival by going to the dormant condition.  So to decorate the lawn with grass proper knowledge about grass and lawn site is very important.

How to grow grass for lawn

It is a good practice to decorate the lawn with grasses. Around the world, grasses are mostly preferred to decorate the lawn. In some cases, people may use other clover plants for growing on the lawn. The mix of grass seeds is used to cultivate on the lawn. In this article, we’ll know How to grow grass fast, growing & planting grass, how long does it take for grass to grow, how to plant a new lawn, etc.

1. Best time for grass seed sowing

For covering a lawn a variety of grass seeds, mixes are used. These seed mixes are available at the super shop. They can be used while the owner wants, which means they remain viable for a very long time in those containers as we mentioned about the dormancy of grass seeds. In the middle of the spring is the best time for grass seed sowing. That is a perfect time.

2. List of the best grasses for a lawn

A list of grasses can be chosen for growing in the lawn is given below with their detail information:

Chewing Fescue

It is a grass plant of fine, narrow, soft leaves. Eventually, they spread all over the lawn. It is a very good grass choice for lawn and also for landscape designing. They have a fibrous root system attached to the soil. The plant is tolerant of regular trimming. After trimmed off they grow again like previous.

Strong creeping red Festus

This is also a fine leave grass. It has a variety of environmental tolerance. Can be grown at different places. It can develop well in drought conditions and again in shaded conditions also. They create a peaceful feeling when one walks over them barefooted.

Ryegrass

This grass is highly dense. Leaves have density. So when it is spread all over the lawn is covered very densely. It can also grow at a wide range of environmental conditions. For lawn decoration, it can be a very good choice. Also, this grass is used for landscape designing.

Hard fescue

It is good going grass. Very much tolerant to dry condition. Also good growing at shaded conditions. This plant is the potential to cover the whole surface of the lawn. And are very effective hard trimming. Because they do not mind close to mowing. Regrow again from only a root. For lawn decoration, it has a high demand for the owners of the lawn of a professional designer.

Bermuda grass

Bermuda grass is the topmost choice for lawn covering in some countries. Bermuda grasses are so much quicker in spreading. The grow adventitious roots from the nodes of their stolons. And spread through the whole surface. This all happens in a very short time. So choosing Bermuda grass can be a wise decision or the owner for his lawn decoration. They are soft enough and trim tolerant. If injured they don’t fade away so easily. They go for regrowing.

Lawn grass

This grass plants having blade-like slender leaves. Green fresh leaves look so pretty when fully bloomed. It is mostly chosen by the growers for lawn decoration. So why the grass is named lawn grass. The genus of this grass is Zoysia. So in some places, this name is also popular. It is a well tolerant grass to the unfavorable conditions.

Meadow grass

Meadow grasses are light green in color. They are also soft delicate grass. Can make a great coverage of area into the lawn. Very suitable for lawn decoration and landscaping. It has a wide range of environmental tolerance. It is an effective selection.

Crown grass

This grass is mostly like lawn grass but the flower of this grass is very nice to see. It has purple flowers which when bloom creates a very attractive view of the lawn. And for the flowers, it is mainly cultivated at the edges of the lawn.

Mid side of the lawn will be trimmed regularly so flower in this position won’t be able to bloom. The flower situates at the head of the grass spreading the purple fingers around. And looks like a crown on the head. So it is called the crown grass. A beautiful choice for a beautiful lawn.

Buffalo grass

This grass is plain and light green in color. They are very much strong at trimming. Hard trimming doesn’t let it down. After facing very close mowing they grow again in some days. So it can be a cost-effective choice of the owner. By some designers, it is used for the lawn of golf ground. As it is smooth enough the golf ball can run at its own speed without the excess friction pressure.    

3. Selection of land

Lawn decoration projects are huge projects. These projects are maintained by experienced workers. Very much skilled hands are required for projecting an attractive look of a lawn after some months. For lawn designing, at first, the land chosen for the purpose has to be well prepared. Otherwise, the design will not work out. For such tasks knowledge of lawn, land preparation is very much required.

4. Preparation of soil

For land preparation, at first, the soil should be cleared enough. The stones, plastics, or any other garbages must be removed before starting the decoration. Once the land for lawn is neat and clean the weeds on it are next to be removed. As the land was not in use, it may have so many weeds on it that are not desiring.

5. Removing of weeds

If the land is small the weeds can be removed by hand or manually. But if the land is large enough the weeding process should be handled with weed removing machines. For example like Japanese weeder. It is a very efficient machine for weeding. So it can be used if affordable. Or the machine can be expensive to the owner than he can impose a lot of labor for weeding the land.

6. Removing of residues

After weeding it has to be ensured that there is no residue of weed in the land. As we know weeds are very potential in regrowing from the stubbles left so no residues are allowed in the land. They can disturb the desiring plant on the lawn.

7. Tillage

Most of the time, the weed seeds remain in the soil. At a very good depth under the soil, they remain viable. For this reason, the land should be provided with deep tillage. As a result, the subsurface soil will come upon the surface and the dormant seeds if exist will be on an open surface. After tillage, the land is kept just like that for a few days. You should use the best garden tiller to perform tillage operation perfectly.

Tillage will allow the soil to get exposed to the sun. And the sun heat will destroy some weed seed or some soil-borne pathogenic inoculum or maybe the eggs or larvae of some voracious insects. Birds often have the opportunity after this to eat the seeds of weed coming up on the soil surface or also some insect larvae.

8. Application of fertilizers

After tillage, the soil should be enriched with nutrients. Application of desirable fertilizers to grow grass. You should know when to fertilize the lawn. All plants demand the macronutrients for there happy growth and development. Macronutrients like Nitrogen, potassium, phosphorous are the major need of the plant. And others like magnesium, calcium, iron, carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, sulfur are the next major nutrients. They all are about to be provided on the soil. Otherwise, the grasses will not make good green scenery.

Nutrients will be applied as per the requirement of the land. If the land is too big then the number of nutrients will be more, or if the land is small then the requirements will be less. Again the soil texture is a concerning fact for nutrient application. If the soil is not much water holding than the number of nutrients should be higher, the addition of organic matter in a bulk amount in that land is a prerequisite.

If the texture is loamy that indicated it has a good water holding capacity then the amount of nutrient requirement will be lower. And if the texture is clay then it is not suitable in lawn decoration.  

9. Sow grass seeds

After 10-15 days of fertilizer addition, the land will be prepared for grass seed sowing. Organic matter decomposition is a matter of great fact. Added organic matter should be fully decomposed before sowing the seeds. If not the raw organic matter will be toxic in the soil and the seeds. For this reason, the owner must take care of it. You can buy the best grass seed on amazon

10. Application of water

After sowing the seeds water sprinkle should be applied for the proper germination of seeds. Grass seed mostly emerges in the spring season. In spring the temperature, humidity, moisture in the soil, sunlight everything is too favorable for grass seed germination and growth. That’s why the owner chooses spring or mid-spring for lawn decoration.

11. Read the cultivation instructions

There are categories for lawn seed cultivation. Grass seed mixes are found on the groceries. The owner can buy the seed packet. In every packet instructions are given about the seeds, about the soil condition they prefer to grow. A grower should read those instructions thoroughly before buying them. Then the seed packet suitable for the decorative land is bought.

12, Soil raking

After the seed is dropped on the soil raking is recommended. Raking ensures the seed is cover with soil. By that seed will get proper temperature and moisture for germination. Without raking the seeds will be exposed to the environment around and some potential problems may arise like desiccation, birds attack, insect attack, run off by the rainwater, and so on.

13. Care after the seed sowing

Grass seeds are mainly sown in the spring season. Also in the autumn season, some growers start to decorate their lawn by sowing grasslands. Spring and autumn have rained infrequent periods. Not in cats and dogs but these seasons have little rain that initiates a sober feeling in mind. So at the time of spring and autumn growing there is very little need for watering the land artificially.

Regular watering

The soil keeps moist by the rainwater itself. But in the dry seasons like winter and summer land requires regular watering. Watering if not performed the soil will dry and due to moisture scarcity the seeds will not germinate. In some cases is the drought is so strong the embryo of the seeds dies. And the seeds lose their viability. That’s why during dry season watering on a regular basis is very important.

Protect from birds

Seeds become very sensitive when placed in the soil. If proper care is not taken they are very susceptible to damage. As the lawn is an open place, birds fly over the open sky of it. Birds search for food when they are flying to and fro. And birds are likely to eat seeds.

Birds love to eat seeds of various plants. Addicted to coarse food habits. They can see the seeds from a long distance. So raking is very essential to protect the seed from the bird’s eye.  Also, the germinated seeds are at stake in more. Just germinated seeds are the favorite meal of birds. The sparrow, harming the bird, and many more small birds keep whelming around the seeded and germinated seed land.

Protect moisture level of the soil

Raking the soil is also important for the seed to prevent desiccation. In dry season especially due to low humidity everything in the environment loses water. So if the seeds are not well protected they will also lose moisture. For germination seeds need water and temperature. So reserving water in the soil in the dry season for seed germination is very much essential.

Soil is dispersed over the seeds after sowing so they do not face so much dryness of the weather and stay protected. Regular misting of water is a great advantage to them from preventing desiccation and maintain the seed vigor and viability.

Grass seeds are quickly growing. They do not take so much time to germinate and develop. So it is not like that it needs 24hrs attention for so many days. The first few days are critical. In this time they need proper care to grow. After some days they got adapted to the situation of the lawn. Then it is safe to send them to their own condition. Sometimes watering may be needed in more amount, if the weather is too dry.

Protect from soil-borne diseases

In the soil, many soil-borne pathogens may exist. They spoil the seed of grass. Due to this, the soil should be treated with fungicides during land preparation. Grass seeds are tolerant of many soil-borne inoculums. But it is safe to treat the soil before cultivation to remove the soil-borne inoculums of the pathogen.

Protect from seed-borne diseases

Sometimes there may be seed-borne pathogens. That means the seed itself may bear some inoculum of the pathogen. If the pathogen inside the seed doesn’t damage the embryo then the seed will germinate but the seedling from it will be lean and thin.

The leaves may show spots on it due to the pathogen attack. These types of infected plants should be removed by uprooting them immediately or they will damage the neighboring plant, gradually the whole garden. Both seed and soil need treatment before sowing to make a secure healthy growth.

Protect from soil-borne insects

Again there are so many soil-borne insects. And also some insects complete their metamorphosis inside the soil. Some insects have 4 life stages some have 3. One more stage is completed in the soil. They may damage the germinating seed. The insect population is a big issue inside the soil.

For both agronomic crops, horticultural crops, garden crops (ornamental crops) insects are a big threat. They are the prime enemy of any kind of plant. So their population has to be kept under minimization. In the case of lawn preparation, this matter deals the same. So in the time of land preparation, the soil must be treated with insecticide.

Insects can cause huge losses to the owner, also the beautification of the lawn. To avoid all the compromisation with the beauty of the lawn possible each developmental process should be performed.

14. Care after germination of seeds

After 2-3 weeks the grasses will be germinated and the germinated seedlings will be going to have a height of 5-8 cm. These green forming grasses are delicate at this time. After a week’s interval, they will be well adapted to the growing condition. And will reach a height of trimming period.

Lawn mowing by a lawn mower

After getting on to this much height the grasses are trimmed by the lawn mower. A lawn mower is a mechanical instrument that is hugely used all over the world.  For trimming the grasses of cricket ground or maybe the football ground or the golf ground which enables the players to run or move easily on the ground.

best lawn mower
Best lawn mower on amazon

Lawn mower minimizes the friction or the play particles. In developed countries, this machine is dynamic power. High rated hotels and restaurants also the business platforms have this machine to trim the grasses of their lawn and make it pretty and organized in appearance.

What is lawn mower?

If we discuss what is lawn mower we can say that, a lawn mower is a machine having one or two revolving blades on it. These blades are responsible for cutting the grasses of the lawn to an even height. Blades are circulated manually or the lawn mower can be robotically controlled by remote control. If manually handled there is a need of an operator of the machine, who will move it to forward and backward direction.

The operator force the mower and the blade rotates and cuts the grasses. Blades are connected to wheels so it works like a vehicle when forced. On the other hand, the robotic lawn mower is controlled by a remote operator. If the ground is too big to mow then remote-controlled mowers are used to trim the grasses.

robotic lawn mower

By the remote, the robotic machine catches the frequency and obeys the directions provided by the operator. Also, there is a lawn mower that is connected to an engine and can be run as a private car sitting on it. Lawn mower is a very efficient machine as it saves both time and energy and creates a lovely appearing lawn.

It is very important to trim the grasses when they are tall. In a lawn tall grasses are not good looking. The lawn gets it’s beautiful and refreshing look with short leveled grasses. An observer of the beauty of the lawn will prefer small soft tiny grasses under her/his feet. It’s a lovely feeling to walk barefooted on grasses and seeing the grasses bending under the foot.

Tall grasses are preferable if there is no visit to people. Tall grasses can be a great decorating tool for the gardeners to attract visitors. But in lawn grasses must be trimmed at a particular even height. Once in a week is a preferable frequency of trimming the lawn.

15. Caring of the lawn

Caring of the lawn is a big concern of the lawn owner. Regular maintenance is very important. Out weeds can be grown again that can destroy the lawn. The owner should take care of it.

For the beauty of the lawn, no garbage is allowed on the lawn. it has to be neat and clean. Or the whole look the surrounding will be disturbed. And if after some years the owner wants to change the grasses of the lawn then the same procedures are to be followed mentioned above. This will lead to a happy lawn for the owner.

Abraham M. Johnson
 

Abraham is a professional gardener and his hobby is indoor and outdoor gardening! He has been gardening for the last 5 years and he loves to decorate the home by gardening as well. Based on his experience with different types of gardens; he is sharing his thought and opinion about various gardens care tips and tools so that a beginner can get started right away. Find him on twitter here. Happy reading!

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