Step-by-step How to grow ginger (A complete guideline)
How to grow ginger: There is no pair of ginger as an ingredient to enhance the taste and aroma of cooking. However, ginger has medicinal properties also..Ginger is used in food, beverages, pickles, medicines, and perfumes. Ginger is good for preventing colon cancer. Ginger extracts contain calcium and a lot of carotenes.
How to grow ginger
Suitable land and soil
High land with sandy-loam to sandy soils that have good drainage is suitable for ginger cultivation.
Usually, a rhizome that has 1-2 buds and 12-15 grams in weight is planted. Row to row distance 40-45 cm, plant to plant distance 20 cm, and planning depth 5 cm should be maintained. After planting the rhizome, the valley is to be made. 1000 kg of seed (tubers) is required per hectare.
In order to get a good yield of ginger, you should apply fertilizer depending on the fertility of the land,
- 4-6 tons of well-decomposed cow dung
- 200-240 kg of urea,
- 170-190 kg of TSP,
- 160-180 kg of MOP
These fertilizers have to be applied per hectare. All dung, TSP, and 80-90 kg MOP fertilizers have to be applied during land preparation. Urea fertilizer is applied as a top dressing at the rate of 100-120 kg 50 days after planting. After 90 days and 120 days of planting, fertilizers of 2nd and 3rd installment are applied on top.
The raft has to be chopped a little and the 1st installment fertilizer has to be applied to make the raft again.
During 2nd and 3rd installments, 50-60 kg urea and 40-45 kg MOP fertilizer are applied per hectare at a time.
The fertilizer of 2nd and 3rd installment is applied between the rows and the soil is chopped with a spade and mixed with the soil and a small amount of soil is given to the valley.
There is no approved variety. However, local varieties are good for cultivation.
How to care for Ginger
Name of the disease: Rhizome rot
Cause of the disease: Fungus called Pythium afenidermatum.
Introduction: Ginger does not grow enough as the disease attacks the rhizome and the tree dies quickly. There is a huge possibility of damage by infection of this disease.
Nature of Damage: At first the leaves turn yellow but there are no spots on the leaves.
- Later the plant falls down and dries up and dies.
- Rhizome rots and the yield is severely reduced.
Favorable environment: This disease is more common in wet and humid climates. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during monsoons and waterlogging.
Spread: The disease spreads through seeds, water, and soil.
- Half-cooked chicken manure should be applied to the soil 21 days before planting at the rate of 10 tons per hectare.
- Approved fungicides should be sprayed on the soil following chopped the soil lightly.
Ginger is suitable for harvesting 9-10 months after planting. Ginger is picked when almost all the leaves of the tree are dry.
Ginger seed collection and storage
Seed ginger should be collected 15 to 20 days after the selected plants are completely dry. Ginger can be protected from decay by purifying the seeds with 3% Dithene M-45 before storage.
Ginger preservation by digging holes
Ginger can be stored in a 450 cm long, 300 cm wide and 180 cm deep hole in the high ground by drying it, spreading straw around the hole, filling it in sacks and covering it one by one with a soil cover.
Preservation in dry sand
In this method, the seed ginger should be covered with a layer of 10 to 12 cm thick dry sand, first covered with dry leaves, and then covered with 2 to 3 cm layer of sand. If the amount of seeds is more, ginger should be stored in this method and arranged in layers.
12-13 tons per hectare.
You can see more articles about gardening tips