Ultimate Guide How to grow carrots
How to grow carrots from seed: Carrots well-known vegetable rich in nutrients especially Vitamin A. Besides, it contains sufficient amounts of calcium, iron, phosphorus, carbohydrates and other vitamins. Carrots can be eaten as a curry and a salad. Carrot halva is a favorite food for many of us. There are no approved varieties of carrots that are better than others. Carrot seeds of different varieties are cultivated in different countries. Such as Amsterdams, Chantenays, Royal Cross, Corel Cross, Scarlet Nantes, Nantes Half-Longs, Danvers Half-Longs, and Round Carrots, etc.
Comparative characteristics of different varieties of carrots
|Varieties of carrots||Feature||Cultivation time||Suitable soil|
|Amsterdams||2- to 4-inch-long roots (sweet and delicate)||65 days||Heavy or shallow soil|
|Chantenays||Stocky, 2-inches-long tapered roots (easy to pull and tasty)||70 days||Grow well in all soil types|
|Nantes Half-Longs||6- to 7-inch-long roots (best for eating as fresh)||70 days||Grow well in all soil types|
|Danvers Half-Longs||2-inch-long roots (rich flavor)||75 days||Grow well in all soil types|
|Round Carrots||1 to 2 inches long roots||50 days (mature early)||Hard-packed soil|
How to grow carrots from seed
In this article, we’ll know about How to grow carrots from scratch. Lets start!
The sandy loamy and sandy loamy soil, that has a good drainage system, is suitable for carrot cultivation.
Time to sow seeds
Carrot grows best in cool temperatures. The suitable time can be early spring and late fall when the temperature remain low.
It takes 3-5 kg of seeds per hectare. (1 hectare=10,000 square meters; if you want to grow carrots in a small garden you should divide the amount of by 10,000 for a meter of land)
Distance of sowing
Row to row: 20-24 cm
Plant to plant: 1 cm
Preparation of land
3) For carrot cultivation, it should be well cultivated and prepared with ladders.
2) The soil of the land should be prepared in a way that the soil should be well crumbled.
3) It is best to sow carrot seeds in rows. It is easy to take care of the carrots.
4) Carrot seeds are very small and it is best to sow with ashes or powdered soil.
For this reason, seeds should be sown with good dry ash or powdery soil.
Fertilizers should be applied at hectare rate as per hectare cultivation
|Fertilizer||Amount of fertilizer (Per ha)|
|Well decomposed cow dung/biofertilizer||10 ton|
|TSP (Triple superphosphate)||125 kg|
|MP (Monophosphate)||200 kg|
((1 hectare=10,000 square meters; if you want to grow carrots in a small garden you should divide the amount of by 10,000 for a meter of land)
Fertilizer application method
1) The total amount of cow dung and TSP and half urea and MP fertilizer should be applied at the time of land preparation.
2) The remaining half of the urea should be applied in two splits. First split at for 10-12 days and second split after 35-40 days after seedling grow.
3) The remaining half MP should be applied as top dressing after 35-40 days after seedling grow.
Or, if you want to apply fertilizers after the testing of soil, then it should be applied as follows. Fertilizer Recommendation (kg)
|Fertility standards of soil||N||P||K||S||Biofertilizer|
|Very low fertile||121-160||40-52||91-120||25-32||6.0|
Irrigation, hoeing and weeding: Land should be irrigated when the water is low (low moisture) in the soil. After irrigation, the soil should be broken down (hoeing) and loosened. Weeding should be done at this same time.
Insect absorbs the juice of the young plants insect and hampered its growth and development. You should keep your garden clean and weed free, rotating the carrot crop. You should use insect traps and neem based sprays to control them.
After 50-80 days (depends on variety to variety) of sowing the carrots are suitable for eaten as vegetables or salad.
The yield of carrot per hectare is 25-20 tons.
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