How to grow carrots from seed

Ultimate Guide How to grow carrots

How to grow carrots from seed: Carrots well-known vegetable rich in nutrients especially Vitamin A. Besides, it contains sufficient amounts of calcium, iron, phosphorus, carbohydrates and other vitamins. Carrots can be eaten as a curry and a salad. Carrot halva is a favorite food for many of us. There are no approved varieties of carrots that are better than others. Carrot seeds of different varieties are cultivated in different countries. Such as Amsterdams, Chantenays, Royal Cross, Corel Cross, Scarlet Nantes, Nantes Half-Longs, Danvers Half-Longs, and Round Carrots, etc.

Comparative characteristics of different varieties of carrots

Varieties of carrots Feature Cultivation time Suitable soil
Amsterdams   2- to 4-inch-long roots (sweet and delicate) 65 days Heavy or shallow soil
Chantenays   Stocky, 2-inches-long tapered roots (easy to pull and tasty) 70 days Grow well in all soil types
Nantes Half-Longs   6- to 7-inch-long roots (best for eating as fresh) 70 days Grow well in all soil types
Danvers Half-Longs   2-inch-long roots (rich flavor) 75 days Grow well in all soil types
Round Carrots   1 to 2 inches long roots 50 days (mature early) Hard-packed soil

How to grow carrots from seed

In this article, we’ll know about How to grow carrots from scratch. Lets start!

Suitable Soil

The sandy loamy and sandy loamy soil, that has a good drainage system, is suitable for carrot cultivation.

Time to sow seeds

Carrot grows best in cool temperatures. The suitable time can be early spring and late fall when the temperature remain low.

Seed rate

It takes 3-5 kg of ​​seeds per hectare. (1 hectare=10,000 square meters; if you want to grow carrots in a small garden you should divide the amount of by 10,000 for a meter of land)

Distance of sowing

Row to row: 20-24 cm

Plant to plant: 1 cm

Preparation of land

3) For carrot cultivation, it should be well cultivated and prepared with ladders.

2) The soil of the land should be prepared in a way that the soil should be well crumbled.

3) It is best to sow carrot seeds in rows. It is easy to take care of the carrots.

4) Carrot seeds are very small and it is best to sow with ashes or powdered soil.

For this reason, seeds should be sown with good dry ash or powdery soil.

Applying fertilizer

Fertilizers should be applied at hectare rate as per hectare cultivation

Fertilizer Amount of fertilizer (Per ha)
Well decomposed cow dung/biofertilizer 10 ton
Urea 150 kg
TSP (Triple superphosphate) 125 kg
MP (Monophosphate) 200 kg

((1 hectare=10,000 square meters; if you want to grow carrots in a small garden you should divide the amount of by 10,000 for a meter of land)

 Fertilizer application method

1) The total amount of cow dung and TSP and half urea and MP fertilizer should be applied at the time of land preparation.

2) The remaining half of the urea should be applied in two splits. First split at for 10-12 days and second split after 35-40 days after seedling grow.

3) The remaining half MP should be applied as top dressing after 35-40 days after seedling grow.

Or, if you want to apply fertilizers after the testing of soil, then it should be applied as follows. Fertilizer Recommendation (kg)

Fertility standards of soil N P K S Biofertilizer
Well fertile 0-40 0-13 0-30 0-8 1.5
Moderate fertile 41-40 14-26 31-60 9-16 3.0
Low fertile 81-120 27-39 61-90 17-24 4.5
Very low fertile 121-160 40-52 91-120 25-32 6.0


Irrigation, hoeing and weeding: Land should be irrigated when the water is low (low moisture) in the soil. After irrigation, the soil should be broken down (hoeing) and loosened. Weeding should be done at this same time.

Insect control

Insect absorbs the juice of the young plants insect and hampered its growth and development. You should keep your garden clean and weed free, rotating the carrot crop. You should use insect traps and neem based sprays to control them.


After 50-80 days (depends on variety to variety) of sowing the carrots are suitable for eaten as vegetables or salad.


The yield of carrot per hectare is 25-20 tons.

health benefits of carrots

You can see more articles about gardening tips 

Gardening Organization

American Public Gardens Association

Agriculturist Musa

Agriculturistmusa is a graduate student in agriculture. He is doing research on home improvement, indoor, and outdoor gardening! He loves to decorate the home, garden, and lawn care. Based on his experience about home, improvement, gardening, and lawn; he is sharing his thought and opinion, tips, and tools so that a beginner can get started right away. Find him on Twitter here. Happy reading!

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