Best Guideline on How to Grow Bonsai Trees & Care for A2Z
A complete guideline on how to grow bonsai trees and care for it: We all love to see the tree gardens. Trees are beautiful when seen. They can cover a whole area around. If we see the trees in a full view they create an appearance of soothing and soberness. We can not grow this piece of beauty in our houses but now it is possible for people that can grow these trees in their home indoor. Trees are made miniature and grown at home. Though it is a painful procedure for the trees, people like to have them in their homes because it is a splendid beauty in the house of the owner.
- 1 How to grow bonsai trees
- 1.1 Pot for Bonsai
- 1.2 The time period of bonsai trees
- 1.3 Types of trees for bonsai
- 1.4 Style of Bonsai/shaping bonsai trees
- 1.5 How to care for bonsai trees
- 1.6 How to make a Bonsai tree/shaping bonsai trees
- 1.7 Speicial Care for bonsai trees
How to grow bonsai trees
Trees grew as old as they can be in normal watching but the size of it is tiny. Everything is normally completed by the plants but the length of the plant doesn’t increase. This tree miniaturization is called bonsai. Bonsai is an art. It was first conducted by the Japanese. Bonsai means planting in a tray that means tray planting. Plants grow as their own but the plants are small in size. Even the leaves and fruits and flowers are small in size. Bonsai is a popular art across the world because of its success in beauty creation.
Pot for Bonsai
Bonsai is Japanese art. The meaning of it is tray planting. But it is not that concrete. It can be planted in pots as well as trays. Various types of pots can be used for it. Rectangular pots are used by the people which is not so much deep. About 5-7 cm depth is allowed for making bonsai. Again people use a square-shaped container, some also use a hexagonal container for more beautifying their Bonsai.
Bonsai is not allowed to grow their roots so far from the base. As the plant will be a miniature their roots are also needed to form miniatures. Roots are also trimmed. The diameter of the container should be around 25-30 cm. This diameter is very much good enough for bonsai spreading. It is an ideal size of an ideal container of bonsai art. Pots of various colors like a mosaic, green, pink, red, black white, blue, sky blue, etc. are available. Also designing is found on the pots, they cost a little high.
The time period of bonsai trees
Bonsai are many years aged. These are the old look of the plant in a small vision. Even Bonsai of 200 years old are also seen in the world. Those are antique pieces, have high demand in the world market. From the market, luxurious people buy bonsai of 10 years old. 10-year-old bonsai is very available in the market. The price of it is as high as the management of it.
Types of trees for bonsai
Tree and shrub both are allowed for making bonsai. In tropical area plant choice is different than the temperate area. It is very normal because the weather condition is opposite to each other in these places. In tropical area plants like Ficus spp., tamarind, sapota, Bassia, etc. are very popular in bonsai art. Again in temperate region plants like cypress, maple, elm, pine, etc. are very popular in dwarfing. A list of plant choice is given below:
- Ficus tomentosa
- Ficus parasitica
- Ficus nerifolia
- Ficus pelkan
- Ficus benjamina
- Ficus saliscifolia
- Ficus retusa
- Ficus lipstick,
- Ficus marginata
- Lavender tree
- Cashew nut
- Chinese mini orange
- Brazillian rain tree
- Banyan tree
- Black olive
- Wood apple
These are the popular choice of trees for bonsai. But it is very important to remember which plant needs which climatic conditions. The geographical condition of the chosen plant should be considered. If it is from the temperate region than it is very essential to provide it low temperature to grow.
At least a temperature below 60 degrees Farenheight has to be provided. So that the temperate tree can grow in its normal way. Otherwise, it will not be possible to grow well for the temperate plant. Tropical plants are easy to grow mostly. So it is a matter of concern that whether the plant is tropical or temperate.
Style of Bonsai/shaping bonsai trees
The bonsai trunk can be of different shapes. Shapes are chosen by the owner as he likes. The branches can be bent by forcing them and make up the shape. Heavy wires are used to coil the branches and trunk for enforcing them to get the desired shape. Shapes can be of:
In this style, the plant trunk is curved in such a way that it looks like an S in shape. Trunk and branches adhere to an S-shaped wire tightly. And the plant grows in that direction where the wire wants. It is a little tuff technique to perform. But very popular and eye taking in appearance. If not well executed it will fail to have the perfect shape.
Twisted trunk style
In this style, the trunk is bent in a twisted configuration through a wire. The plant grows as per the wire’s requirement. And after the plant is fully grown it indicated a twisted pattern in its shape and size. This style is also very tuff to perform. Very much skilled hand is needed for this shape making of bonsai. After so much strict working also a beautiful plant is ready.
It is a popular style of bonsai. In this shaping, the plant bends down to the soil. It is easy to be executed. A wire is situated on the bottom of the plant and the growing trunk is adhere to it below. The trunk grows on it and bends down near to the soil. Kind of hanging plant is ready in this technique. It is a demanding shape of bonsai worldwide. People love to have this type of bonsai at their home for decoration. Regular maintenance is essential for the shape permanence.
Semi cascade style
This shape is like a cascade but not fully. So it is called the semi-cascade shape. In this shape, the plant is allowed to grow upright for a time period. After that wire is attached to the trunk and allow it to bend. Bending from a certain height differs from cascade shape. As it is not bent from the basal portion. Half cascade so it is named semi-cascade. This shape is also very elegant in look. People find it eye taking in appearance. The trees with very much dense canopy look more beautiful in this shape. For example like maple, oak, banyan tree, etc.
Upright (formal and informal) style
It is a very common style of bonsai. Here the plant just grows upright. No curving or twists or bending is made here. They grow straight to up. This type of bonsai is the most common. And not that expensive also. But look so much attractive. They just make the real image of the plant in a tiny shape. But upright can be of two types:
If the trunk is not disturbed in upright growth than it is formal upright. They just grow straight up.
In this style, the trunk is allowed to grow upright but at the base of the trunk, a little curving is induced. But without that little curving, the whole trunk is straight up. So it is called an informal upright.
This style shows the plant having a broom-like canopy. The trunk is straight and on the head of the trunk, the canopy is trained in such a way that it looks like a broom. Due to this, the shape is named broom style. It creates a classy look of the plant.
It is a style that is visible on large trees when they live in a very windy atmosphere. Because of the windy weather, the plants bend in the wind direction. Leaves and branches of the tree also bend in the wind direction. This creates a stormy look of the tree. In Bonsai making a similar look is tried to create in windblown style. The trunk and the branches are wired in a way that they put up with a wind-affected look. It looks very nice to see. People love to have this type of bonsai at their home.
This style is done by growing the bonsai plant on rocks or stones. The plant is trained in such a way that it grows by clasping with stone below it. The stone is kept on the base and the plant is attached to it. After proper growth and development of the plant with the stone, the clasped-to-stone style is obtained. This style is an expensive one in the world market.
In this style, the bonsai is wired and slant in such a way that the trunk is not curved in any part. The trunk is straight and a little slant towards the soil. This one is also a popular style. People love to choose this for enhancing the beauty of their indoor decorum.
These styles are done and managed by regular observation and training practices. If any excision is needed it must be performed at a regular time. Or the desired shape cannot be applied as wanted. Branches are trimmed and tied for putting the plant in stress and re-enforce the desired shape.
How to care for bonsai trees
Soil and Fertilizer for bonsai
Bonsai also demands food for its living. Regular fertilizer requirement is not so much of bonsai. They can survive for a long time in the supplied food material during preparing soil mixture. The soil mixture of bonsai prefers the presence of major and minor nutrients of the soil.
The soil type preference for bonsai is loamy soil. Especially coarse-textured soil is loved by the bonsai. In the soil mixture, major nutrients like nitrogen, potassium, phosphorous, magnesium, calcium, sulfur, iron, and minor nutrients like copper, zinc, molybdenum are included before planting the bonsai in the tray or pot.
Nutrients ensure better growth and development of bonsai for a long time. After a long time, there may be a need for some particular food for the growing plant. For example like some oil cakes. Oil cakes are so much support for bonsai plant during its growth. It enhances the total development of bonsai.
Watering for bonsai
In the case of watering different requirements are seen. If the container of the bonsai plant is shallow depth than the bonsai needs to be watered twice a day. Again if the plant container is deep enough then it should be watered once a day. As in shallow containers, the water doesn’t stand for a long time. After saturation, the excess water is logged and the Excess water is drained out by a suitable process.
It is important to provide the plant with water twice a day. Once in the morning and once in the evening. On the other hand, if the pot is deep enough then the soil of the pot will retain water for a long time. Excess water will be absorbed by the soil depth. And this can support the bonsai whole day by supplying water. So watering for once a day is enough for such cases. Here watering after saturation can cause deterioration of the plant roots. As a result death of the plant.
Weather condition for Bonsai
There are a lot of tree plants that can be chosen for making bonsai. Different plants need different practices for bonsai making. And different plants prefer different weather conditions to grow as bonsai. Mostly the common weather condition needed for bonsai is a sunny place, good aeration, and near window place only. Bonsai are grown indoor but they should be placed near the window. Stress is provided for the plant growth, and to adapt to the stress the plant grows as bonsai. Bonsai plants are well adapted to the sunny weather. Normal metabolism is occurring here.
How to make a Bonsai tree/shaping bonsai trees
The making of the bonsai plant is not that easy. It needs a much-acknowledged maker who is very skilled at this. An under-skilled man will be failed to make it properly. Also, it needs a lot of patience. Without handling the frustrating mind it is not possible. A person should be very devoted to this work or it will not work out to have a beautiful bonsai at home. There are some steps to make a bonsai. The steps are discussed below:
Choose a very appropriate plant
At first one needs to choose a very appropriate plant for making bonsai. The plant chosen has to be suitable for the existing environment around the grower. Otherwise, the plant will not be able to grow properly if not suited to the environment and will fail to create a bonsai. So making a perfect choice is the very first task of bonsai making.
The shape should be selected
We already know about the various styles of a bonsai. As per interest, the shape should be selected by the grower. The technique related to that shape making must be acquired by the grower evenly. If not the grower cannot perform the outlines to make the bonsai of the desired shape. Twisted, slanting, cascade, semi-cascade, clasped stone, upright any shape can be selected by the grower in which he is comfortable and able to invest his time and patience.
Soil should be prepared well
Now the soil in which the bonsai will be made should be prepared well. On the basis of the plant chosen for bonsai, the requirements are needed to be adjusted. As per the needs of the particular species the soil should be enriched with the particular nutrients. The soil mix should be of coarse-textured loamy soil, it is good for doing bonsai and the nutrients loved by the selected plant should be added to the preferred amount. This soil preparation is essential prior to pot the plant.
Some bonsai needs some additive for their better growth and development. If a species of plant is chosen for bonsai who needs such additives it must be included in the soil. Additives can be some phytohormone and else.
Pot for bonsai
Now it’s time to pot the plant. Growers can have two choices here. He may be satisfied with the present look of the plant. If so he will pot the plant directly. In the pot, a single layer of mixed soil is put after placing the plant on the pot. And after this, he can go for wire practice that is the main task of bonsai to take a look at bonsai.
Again if the grower is not satisfied with the present look of the plant then he should keep the plant on its state at which it is. And allow it to grow more for a certain period of time. After this extra growth, he will perform the wiring task to give the look he wants to the plant. So it is very important to decide how the bonsai will look at the end.
Perform the wire training
When the plant is ready to perform the wire training, the wire needs to be tied in such a way from both ends that it can hold down the root ball when out. It should be done safe and sound so that the roots are not injured at any instance. An important thing that should be kept in mind is wiring should be done in perfect season. Or the plant response to the process will go wrong. So after potting the tree it should take a long gap before wiring.
Repotting the plant
Now the plant is out of the pot for repotting. The root ball is cleaned off from the root. If it is stubborn than can be washed with water to be clear off. As per the container’s size, the roots should be trimmed off. If it is not on shape then carefully roots should be pruned so that no major defect occurs on the root. If the roots get majorly damaged the plant will be of no use for making the bonsai. Delicate things need extra care for their development.
After depotting (plant is out of the pot) now the plant is to be repotted. The wire is tied to both ends of the plant so that it can hold down the root ball. The pot filled with soil mix and the root ball is inserted into it. The soil mix is previously prepared and placed on the pot.
After placing the plan a layer of mixed soil is provided over the root of the plant. If the soil doesn’t sit properly on the root ball a chopstick is recommended to use. With the chopstick, the soil mix will be a force to locate itself on the root ball. No empty space is allowed there. As empty space will be filled with air and air will hamper with the respiration system of the plant root.
Repotting of the plant will create stress for the plant. And the plant will try to recover itself from it. In the recovery process, the plant will make itself adjusted to less water, less space, less nutrient. For getting itself establish in the small restricted place it avoids focusing on the lengthening process. Also stops caring about the widening process. They just start themselves making them able to grow on other things. So they go from young to the matured old stage without lengthening and widening themselves.
Regular watering and feeding of nutrients
Watering is very important in this whole procedure. Without having proper moisture plants cannot recover themselves from this stressful situation. It is a painful procedure for the plant but as it is beautiful people use to do this frequently. For indoor decoration, bonsai is a perfect choice.
After the plant is a well-matured bonsai then regular watering and sometimes feeding of nutrients should be imposed. Some times overgrowth may be seen in that care regular training and pruning practices of bonsai are very important. Or the bonsai will lose its beauty in the course of time.
Bonsai is a popular art worldwide. One care also creates bonsai at home and sells it to the market. It can be a great money maker of time.
Speicial Care for bonsai trees
Bonsai is an indoor decorative particle. As it is a living thing it obviously needs some love and care for serving us with its beauty. Mainly the need for it is, bonsai should be placed near the window space. It needs some light for removing suffocation. And watering the bonsai is a prerequisite. Bonsai cannot survive if moisture is lacking as they are already in stress condition. It will be difficult to stand the water stress over it. Watering at least once a day is very important. Bonsai is a lovely creation. Also a good time spending task. People love it.