Step-by-step How to care for Mango Trees
How to care for Mango Trees: Mango is the king of fruits. Mango is usually grown in tropical and subtropical regions. It is a general thought that mango has originated in the Indo-Burma region. Because of its unique variety of uses, nutritional value, and taste it is the most popular fruit in the Indian subcontinent. Mango farmers suffer a lot of losses every year, usually due to two types of problems, namely- 1. Natural causes (such as storms, hailstorms, droughts, etc.) and (a) diseases and insects. With proper care and control of diseases and insects, the first damage can be partially and the second damage can be solved completely. It is discussed below in stages.
- 1 How to care for Mango Trees
- 1.1 Parasite plant control
- 1.2 Fertilizer application
- 1.3 Application of Irrigation
- 1.4 Conversion of old sour mango tree to sweet mango tree
- 1.5 Renewal of old orchards
- 1.6 Harvesting of fruits
- 1.7 Fruit ripening symptoms
- 1.8 Fruit preservation
- 1.9 Disease control
- 1.10 Insect control
How to care for Mango Trees
The following cares are essential to increase the fruiting capacity and yield of mango trees.
Parasite plant control
There are several species of parasites found to grow in mango trees which are detrimental to the normal growth and health of the plant. Parasites have a kind of root-like hysteria, which enters the plant and absorbs the sap and weakens the tree. When parasitic infestation is high, the leaf size of the tree becomes small and pale and many times the tree dies. As a result, the yield of the tree is severely reduced. So if you want to get a good yield, you must remove the parasite.
Fertilizer application is essential for plant growth and fruit production. The amount of fertilizer depends on the size and age of the tree and fertility of the soil. Fertilizer should be applied at the base of the tree. The soil at the base of the tree should be chopped and the fertilizer should be mixed with the soil.
Application of Irrigation
Usually, the land has the required nutrients in the soil layer or is mixed in the soil as fertilizer so the 2-3 m upper part of the mango orchard is considered as the water conservation layer of the land. So in the dry season, it is necessary to irrigate the mango orchard. Mango pods are irrigated 2-3 times in 15-20 days after the small pods are formed.
Conversion of old sour mango tree to sweet mango tree
If the quality of the mango tree in the garden is bad, it can be improved by veneer grafting without destroying the tree. If 2-3 branches of an old tree are cut off and a new branch emerges from there, then the new branch should be pruned with a veneer. Thus the work has to be completed 3-4 times.
Renewal of old orchards
As the age of mango orchards increases, the capacity of fruit bearing decreases. So in this case, the heavy branches of the old trees should be cut down instead of cutting the whole tree. New branches will come out from the branches and the trees will be renewed. In this way, the garden can be renewed in 2-3 years.
Harvesting of fruits
Fruits start ripening within 3-5 months of fruiting in different varieties. It is not advisable to plant mangoes in a commercially mature state. When the fruit of the tree starts ripening in two or four years, the mango should be planted on the head of the bamboo quota in a sack similar to the sack so that it does not get hurt. If you want to keep it under the tree temporarily, you have to spread straw on it.
Fruit ripening symptoms
Fruits should be collected by looking at the following symptoms:
1. If the mango stem is yellow.
2. If you put it in water, it will drown.
3. If the sap comes out, it will dry quickly.
4. Some ripe mango trees will fall from.
Mango is a perishable fruit. Storage time is shorter if collected in more mature condition. Most varieties of mango 13-16 degrees Celsius. Bamboo baskets, baskets, straw beds can be stored for 4-6 weeks at room temperature and 85-90% relative humidity.
Mango infected by some common diseases which are described as follows:
Anthracnose disease of mango
Mango leaves and fruits are affected by this disease. It is caused by a type of fungus called Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Due to this disease, the yield of mango can come close to zero.
1. The disease is seen in new leaves, inflorescences, and fruits.
2. The leaves have gray-brown small capillary spots and then spread to all the leaves and one stage the leaves fall off.
3. The fruit first has dark brown spots.
4. The spots later become larger and turn black.
5. If the attack is severe, the whole mango will rot later.
1. The temperature is 25-26 degrees Celsius.
2. Relative humidity 60-70%.
3. More rainfall.
4. Dense fog and cloudy skies increase the incidence of this disease.
1. After collecting the fruits, the remnants of the garden should be destroyed.
2. Healthy seedlings need to be planted.
3. Bordeaux mixture should be sprayed 3-4 times at the rate of 0.3% (before and after flowering and before fruit collection).
4. Bavistin W / P should be sprayed twice (before and after flowering) at the rate of 0.2% or Dithane-M 0.3%.
Rotting of mango stems and fruits
Causes of the disease: This disease is caused by a type of fungus called Botryodiplodia theobromae. This disease is caused by mango stem and fruit.
Symptoms of the disease
1. At first, there are black spots all over the stem.
2. Later most of the mangoes and the last part rotten black color.
3. When pressure is applied on the affected area, rotten black smelling mango juice comes out from inside.
A. Suppress the disease in any one way:
1. Dithane-M-45 should be sprayed 2-3 times at the rate of 0.3%.
2. Redomil should be sprayed 2-3 times at the rate of 0.1%.
3. Rover should be sprayed 2-3 times at the rate of 0.1%.
B. After harvesting mango 43 degrees Celsius. Immerse in 6% borax solution for 5 minutes at room temperature.
C. After collecting the fruit stalks, the remnants must be destroyed.
Mango Powdery Mildew
Causes of the disease: The disease is caused by a fungus called Oidium mangiferae.
Symptoms of the disease
1. White-gray powder is seen on the inflorescence and its adjoining leaves and small fruits.
2. Infections usually start at the tip of the inflorescence, run downwards, and wrinkle, causing die-back symptoms.
3. Thiovit 0.3% should be sprayed once before flowering and twice after flowering.
4. Malathion should be sprayed at the rate of 0.2% once after flowering and twice in 15 days after flowering.
Mango affected by some common insects which are described as follows:
Mango sucking insect/mango hopper
Three species these insects cause damage. The nature and extent of the damage are given below.
Nature of damage: It is one of the most harmful insects of mango. They lay eggs on mango leaves and stems. As a result, the affected leaves and flowers dry out and the flowers fall off before the cocoons appear. This severely reduces the yield. One of the symptoms of this insect attack is that when you walk under the infected tree, the insect jumps and falls on you.
Control measures: In order to control this insect, the following pesticides should be sprayed before or from the time of bud emergence:
Diazinon 60 EC or Lebacid 50 EC mixed with 4 teaspoons in 7.5 liters of water and sprayed twice in 15 days intervals. Or Malathion or MST 56 EC should be sprayed in the above dose.
Fruit fly or mango fly insect
Nature of damage: This insect enters into the ripe mango and eats the shell. The fruit rots and falls off. Infected mangoes are cut and numerous insects are seen. When the insect attack is high, all the mangoes of the tree become unfit to eat.
Control measures: When mangoes are fully grown before ripening, mix 4 teaspoons of Dipterex in 6.5 liters of water and spray twice in 7 days intervals. Or Diazinon 50 EC should be mixed in 2 ml / liter of water and sprayed on the fruit (fruit should not be eaten at that time).
Mango scorpion insects
Nature of damage: This insect eats the leaves of mango tree. When the level of attack is high, the tree becomes leafless and the does not produce flower or the flowers fall off. However, once a tree is infected, it is likely to be affected again and again.
Control measures: Infected plants should be sprayed with Dimecron 100 EC 300 ml or Diazinon 50 EC 400 ml or Sumithion 50 EC 454 ml mixed in 225 liters of water.
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