Flower gardening

10 Flowers That Start with the Letter X

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X is for Xeranthemum, a daisy-like flower that is native to southern Europe and blooms in late summer.

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Xanthorrhoea is a genus of about 28 species in the family Asphodelaceae, native to Australia. Only one species, Xanthorrhoea minor, occurs outside Australia, in Indonesia and the Maluku Islands. They are small woody plants with a short trunk and long, narrow leaves. The flowers are borne in a spike at the end of the leafless stalk.


Xeranthemum is a beautiful flower that comes in a variety of colors, including white, pink, purple, and red. The blooms are very small, but they make up for it in quantity – a single plant can produce hundreds of flowers. Xeranthemum is native to Europe and Asia, but it has now been naturalized to grow all over the world.


Xerochrysum, also known as strawflower, is a charming annual that blooms throughout the summer. It’s easy to grow and makes an excellent addition to mixed bouquets and arrangements. The plants form tidy mounds of green foliage that become covered with colorful blooms in shades of yellow, orange, pink, red, and purple.


Xyris, also known as yellow-eyed grasses, is a flowering plant that gets its moniker from its distinctively yellow or orange petals. This perennial grows in marshy areas and blooms in late spring to early summer.


Xylobium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Orchidaceae. The genus occurs in tropical America, from Mexico to Bolivia.

Xylobium schumannii

Xylobium schumannii is a species of plant in the genus Xylobium. It is native to Costa Rica. The flowers are white with purple streaks, and they bloom in the summer.


The Xiphidium is a beautiful flower that starts with the letter “X”. It is native to South America and its scientific name is “Xiphidium caeruleum”. The Xiphidium is also known as the “Sword Lily” or the “Bluebell Lily”. It is a perennial plant that grows up to 2 feet tall. The flowers are blue or purple in color and they have six petals.


Xiphion, more commonly known as the sword lily or Gladiolus, is a plant that produces large, showy flowers on tall stalks. The flowers come in a variety of colors, including white, pink, red, purple, and yellow. Sword lilies are native to Europe and Africa and are a popular garden plant worldwide.

Xiphium iridifolium

Xiphium iridifolium, commonly called Spanish iris, is a bulbous perennial that is native to southwestern Europe. It typically blooms in late spring with 3-6” long, showy flowers that have six petals (three upper petals and three lower petals) in shades of blue, blue-violet or white. Each blossom has a yellow blotch at the base of its lower petals. Narrow, sword-like, leaves (to 12” long) arise from the bulbs and clumps. Flowers are followed by narrowly ovoid seed capsules. Genus name comes from the Greek word xiphos meaning sword in reference to plant leaf shape. Specific epithet comes from the Latin words iris meaning rainbow and folium meaning leaf in reference to plant leaf shape.


Xiphoceras is a small genus of just two species in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae. The name is derived from the Greek xiphos, meaning sword, and ceras, meaning horn, referring to the shape of the inflorescence. Both species are native to southwest China.

Xiphoceras longiflorum is the taller of the two species, growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall. The leaves are strap-like, up to 15 cm (6 in) long and 1 cm (0.4 in) wide. The flowers are borne in a dense raceme at the top of the stem, each flower stalk up to 10 cm (4 in) long. The six tepals are white, narrowly lanceolate, 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) long and 2 mm (0.08 in) wide; they Reflexed back away from the ovary so that the stamens and style project prominently.

Xiphoceras Zhongdianense is a smaller plant, growing to just 30 cm (12 in) tall with narrower leaves up to 8 cm (3 in) long and 0.5 cm (0.2 in) wide. The flowers are similarly arranged but only 4–5 mm (0.16–0.20 in) long with narrower tepals only 1 mm (0.04 in) wide which barely reflexed at anthesis so that the stamens project only slightly beyond them; this species also differs by being entirely glabrous apart from some ciliate leaf margins.

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